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Japanese Food Article

Kakigoori (かき氷)

kakigoori

There are hundreds of matsuri (Japanese traditional festival) all over Japan when summer comes. At matsuri, you can enjoy a lot of Japanese traditional food such as yakisoba, yakitori, ikayaki, etc. Today, we would like to introduce Kakigoori, an indispensable dish you can definitely find at Japanese matsuri.

What is Kakigoori?

Kakigoori (かき氷), also known as Japanese shaved ice, is a Japanese sweet made of shaved ice and syrup, frequently condensed milk, as a sweetener. Locals made it by shaving ice into small pieces and sprinkling syrup. This Japanese sweet has snow cone-like features. There are other flavors you can choose from, including cherry, lemon, green tea, strawberry, melon, and others. A popular summer treat is kakigori, which street sellers, convenience stores, and festivals sell during the summer season. Japanese served this for the first time in Kanagawa Prefecture in 1869. To make kakigori traditionally, locals spun a block of ice over an ice shaving blade using a hand-cranked machine. Although street vendors can still be seen as hand-shaving ice blocks in the summer, electric ice shavers are the most popular.

Etymology

Kakigoori (かき氷)

The name Kakigori (かき氷) is with the kanji for “ice 氷”. Kaki comes from the verb “掻” meaning to scratch about the cut and shaved ice. You will quickly learn to recognize this emblematic ideogram visible on the traditional “ice banner” hanging outside a store selling the shaved ice dessert. Originally, this banner will indicate if the store has an available kakigori to sell.

Kakigoori History

Kakigoori (かき氷)

Kakigori has a long history, dating back to the Heian period. At a time when there was no freezer, ice was a valuable item and only the aristocrats could eat this. Moreover, Amazura was the best sweetener in the Heian period when there was no sugar. It is a syrup boiled down from the sap of ivy plants of the vine family.  So during the Edo period, the technology for preserving ice has developed, and it is now possible to transport northern ice to Edo even in the summer. However, it was still a luxury item and only  generals, daimyo, and wealthy merchants can afford it. 

With the development of ice machines in the Meiji era, ordinary people will be able to get ice. But this time, there is no ordinary shaved ice machine (ice shaving machine). It was in the 20th year of the Meiji era that it became the shape of shaved ice as it is now. But now, you can eat thinly shaved ice with the ice crushers invented by Mr. Hansaburo Murakami. Since then, the technology has evolved further, and now it is possible to eat fluffy and smooth ice, but man believed that the basic shape has not changed significantly since the Meiji era.

Kakigoori Recipe

Kakigoori (かき氷)

Kakigoori Ingredients

Ingredients of Kakigoori for 1 person
Milk100g
Granulated sugar 24g
Fresh cream30g
Azuki bean 50g
Matcha powder20g

How to make Kakigoori

STEP
Combining milk and sugar

Put milk and granulated sugar in a heat-resistant bowl and heat in a microwave oven for 40 to 50 seconds. 

STEP
Making the milky syrup

Add fresh cream, mix, and cool in the refrigerator when you remove it from the heat.

STEP
Serving

Sprinkle the syrup on the shaved ice, top with azuki beans, and sprinkle with matcha powder.

What is Kaki in Kakigoori?

Kakigoori (かき氷)

In the days when there were no freezers, summer ice was a valuable item. So, locals made it by shaving it with the chipped part of the ice. In other words, there is a theory that it changed from “chipped ice (欠けた氷)” to “shaved ice” because they eat this by scratching the ice with its hands, but the prevailing theory is that it changed from “chipped ice (欠けた氷)” to “shaved ice (かき氷).”

Most favorite flavor of Kakigoori

Kakigoori (かき氷)

The most favorite taste of “Kakigori” is the royal road “Strawberry”. There are “Kakigori lovers” that accounted for 62.3% of the total, making it a popular all-purpose dessert for men and women of all ages. The most popular taste ranking is the classic “strawberry”. It has gained support from people of all ages, from the 20s to 50s. The second place, “condensed milk,” has a particularly conspicuous female vote, resulting in a difference in popularity between men and women. 

What is the trend of Kakigoori in recent years?

Kakigoori (かき氷)

Kakigori, which has been loved for a long time as an excellent dessert that many can enjoy at a low price, has now gone beyond that range and has become one of the premium desserts. In addition, the appearance of many menus that look good on SNS may be behind the boom. In addition to the “light syrup” that uses fresh seasonal juice, the “chubby” and “shaved ice” that use cheese and avocado sauce are also popular. 

Difference between the natural ice and the normal ice

Kakigoori (かき氷)

There are several types of ice, and one of them is “tennen kori or natural ice”.  The slowly frozen ice due to the cold of nature becomes natural ice. Speaking of natural shaved ice, its fluffy texture is also a major feature. To create that texture, you need to shave the ice more finely. In the case of natural ice, the bonds between water molecules are strong, so the ice becomes harder than the normal ice.

Where to buy Kakigoori

Himitsudo (ひみつ堂)

They have a handmade shaved ice that the owner is particular about, keeping the ingredients of the four seasons as they are. Since they use Nikko natural ice from the three-star ice chamber, you should be able to enjoy the original taste of ice, unlike ordinary shaved ice. Also, the fruit honey is not syrup, but the store uses a completely additive-free homemade ice honey.

Address: 3-11-18 Nippori, Taito-ku, Tokyo
Phone number: 033-824-4132
Hours open: From 10:00 to 18:00 * Until 19:00 depending on the day of the week; Regular holiday: Monday
Website: http://himitsudo.com/

Mamechawan (まめ茶和ん)

The characteristics of this store’s kakigoori are divided into 4 layers and sprinkled with syrup so that there are no ice cubes, and whipped cream and pulp are inside so that you will not get tired of it. They also have deluxe shaved ice such as sour lemon puree, rich lemon curd puree, organic lemon & cheese like eating cheesecake with lemon mousse with peel.

Address: 2-7-2 Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Iidabashi Plano 2nd floor
Phone number: 090-6708-6737
Hours open: 12:00 to 19:30 (Kakigoori scheduled to end at 18:30)
Website: https://www.facebook.com/mamechawan/

GOFUKU (焼きそば)

The store owner makes their kakigori by hand after receiving an order. In addition to whipped cream, they will also sprinkle a white peach paste honey on top of it, so you won’t get tired of eating it until the end. There is also a commitment to using rare sugar that brings out the natural sweetness, so it is a gem that you would want to eat.

Address: 3-32-18 Kitasuna, Koto-ku, Tokyo Iwasaki Building 1st floor
Phone number: 03-6458-7290
Hours open: [Monday-Sunday] 11:00 to 18:00 (LO 17:30)
Website: https://tabelog.com/

Saryo Tsujiri (茶寮都路里 大丸東京店)

Matcha jelly, which uses matcha luxuriously, anko that maximizes the flavor of matcha, and white balls with a chewy texture are all handmade at the shop. On top of that, matcha, vanilla, matcha sorbet, and three types of ice cream are the toppings. They will also put in fluffy ice on the honey that you can choose from matcha honey, milk honey, and rags (half of matcha and half of milk).

Address: 1-9-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Daimaru Tokyo Store 10th floor
Phone number: 033-214-3322
Hours open: [Monday-Sunday] Weekdays 10:00-20:00 (LO 19:30) Thursdays only 10:00-21:00 (LO 20:30)
Website: https://www.giontsujiri.co.jp/store/tokyo-daimaru/

Takeaway

Kakigoori (かき氷)

Ice became less expensive and more widely available over the years as preservation methods improved. The real improvement in ice availability, though, happened with the development of ice-making machines, and by the end of the 19th century, most people could easily get ice. This summer, while you travel Japan’s streets and take in its attractions, remember to stay hydrated and reward yourself with some “kakigoori”. 

If you are into Japanese sweets, you can also try some by clicking here.

kakigoori

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