Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Ramen, popular with children and adults alike, comes in various flavors, with tonkotsu being one of the most popular flavors. However, some people have eaten tonkotsu ramen but do not know what is different compared to other seasonings. So this time, we will introduce the charm of tonkotsu ramen.

    What is Tonkotsu Ramen?

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Tonkotsu ramen is a specialty dish in both Fukuoka and Kyushu, and it is a type of ramen that originated in Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture on the Japanese island of Kyushu. They traditionally topped the meal with sliced pork belly and served with ramen noodles that are firm in the middle. The base of the soup broth is from pig bones and locals typically simmered other ingredients for many hours. One of the materials required to make soup, along with chicken bones, is pork bones (chicken bones). To make the soup, many ramen restaurants add vegetables, chicken bones, pork bones, etc.

    The broth for tonkotsu ramen is based upon pork bones, and tonkotsu (豚骨/とんこつ) in Japanese means “pork bones”. In addition, red ginger softens the unique flavour of tonkotsu, so locals recommended not to add it at the beginning, but to add it little by little while checking the taste of the soup. In Fukuoka, Japan, they referred to tonkotsu ramen as Hakata ramen.

    Tonkotsu ramen History

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Although the term “tonkotsu ramen” is shockingly new, everyone now associates it with the cloudy ramen from Kyushu. The 20th century marked the beginning of pork bone ramen’s history. Tonkotsu ramen was created in Kurume, specifically at a restaurant called “Nankin Senryo.” Built-in 1937. The owner decided to go to Tokyo to train after hearing rumours that ramen was well-liked there. Tonkotsu ramen originated from soy sauce ramen. Following that, a number of stores in Kurume city opened, and ramen based on soy sauce ramen was consumed.

    Tonkotsu ramen was popular as “Kyushu Ramen” or “Hakata Ramen” in the Tokyo metropolitan area at the time that “Kyushu Jangara Ramen” and “Nanden Kanden” first entered Tokyo in the 1970s.  After that, Kyushu ramen spread all through Tokyo, and the instant ramen market produced a dish dubbed “Kyushu ramen,” giving rise to the term “tonkotsu ramen.”

    Types of Tonkotsu Ramen

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Kyushu’s famous local ramen

    Hakata ramen

    One of “Japan’s Three Great Local Ramen,” Hakata Ramen is more than just regular Japanese ramen. Tonkotsu or pork bone ramen is primarily sold as Hakata Ramen in Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture. It is a traditional Japanese dish that combines cloudy tonkotsu soup with extremely fine straight noodles.

    Kurume ramen

    Kurume Ramen is a tonkotsu ramen that has a thick soup and a strong odor. It also uses thicker noodles in comparison with Hakata Ramen and are also straight and firm. Its tonkotsu odor is also stronger than other kinds of tonkotsu ramen.

    Kinki’s famous local ramen

    Wakayama ramen

    The Wakayama Ramen has been characterized by its noodles. Generally, its noodles are thin, non-curly (straight) noodles. Made from pork bones and chicken bones from the neighboring prefectures and seasoned with soy sauce.

    Hokkaido’s famous local ramen

    Sapporo ramen

    Sapporo Ramen is one of the signature dishes of the Hokkaido region of Japan using a base soup that makes use of the miso flavor that intertwines with thick crinkled noodles.

    Hakodate ramen

    Hakodate ramen is one of the three (3) major ramen in Hokkaido. The characteristics of this ramen are thin straight noodles and clear soup. Also, it has flavored vegetables, kelp, bonito, and chicken. 

    Are Ippudo and Ichiran different from authentic Hakata ramen?

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    It is a restaurant born in Hakata, but they do not possess a standard taste. When you ask some local ramen lovers, they usually agree. And it is often underestimated among local Hakata ramen lovers. Not all locals like tonkotsu ramen. In particular, that unique “tonkotsu smell” is said to dislike even by locals who are not good at it. 

    “Ippudo” is a store that intentionally eliminates the old smell and pork smell according to the founder. However, for old-style Hakata ramen lovers, that tonkotsu smell is one of the important factors, so it’s not enough. “Ichiran” also has almost no tonkotsu flavor, and such a method was received mainly by people who were not good at traditional Hakata ramen.

    Tonkotsu ramen FAQ

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)
    What is the traditional method of preparing Tonkotsu ramen?

    The traditional method of preparing the ramen noodles used in tonkotsu ramen is for them to be hard in the center. Customers can choose the level of firmness for the noodles at some ramen shops.

    How did the term Tonkotsu ramen begin?

    The term “tonkotsu ramen” is commonly used today, however, it wasn’t at the time Japanese locals created the dish. But they referred to it as “Hakata ramen” or “Kyushu ramen” at that time.

    Tonkotsu ramen Recipe

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Tonkotsu ramen Ingredients

    Ingredients of Tonkotsu ramen for 5 personsMeasurement
    Pork bones1000g
    Pork thigh750g
    Maltai dried noodles500g
    Soy sauce105g
    Red pickled ginger50g

    How to make Tonkotsu ramen

    Boil the pork bones and scoop the scum

    Put the prepared pork bones in a pot and let it simmer patiently while listening to music. The ratio of bones to water is confusing, but the ratio is about 1.5 to 3 litres of water for 1 kg of bones. If there is not enough water, the soup will be super thick, and if there is too much water, the soup will be light. And when the water boils, a scab-like scum floats to the surface, take it and set it aside.

    Prepare the noodles

    Speaking of tonkotsu ramen noodles, they are ultra-thin straight noodles with low water content. You can’t go wrong with Maltai dried noodles.

     Finish pork bone soup

    Back to the soup. After about 3 hours, the meat and gelatin around the bones will melt, but continue to simmer for a little longer. If you want to make boiled pork for ramen, put the pork chunks tied. Then, the meat will absorb the extract from the soup, and the soup will absorb the umami of the meat. About 5 hours after stewing, the meat will be completely separated from the bones and the soup will be muddy, so the pork bone soup is ready.

     Keep seasonings and ingredients simple

    The soup is filtered through a colander and placed in a bowl, and they used the sauce to determine the flavour, but it is surprisingly simple and you can make this with only light soy sauce. Instead of plant-based umami, adding Ajinomoto brings out the sweetness of the soup.

    Finished with red pickled ginger

    If you want to keep it simple, you don’t have to add any ingredients at all, but if you add only one ingredient, it should be red pickled ginger.

    Where to buy Tonkotsu ramen

    Ko-chan Ramen (江ちゃんラーメン)

    They serve Tonkotsu ramen with medium-thin straight noodles. The soup that soaks in the flavour the more you slurp it is impressive! Noodles with a distinctive flavor, created by the skilful technique of raising the noodles with a flat net. Many customers said that the ramen here is so good that it makes you shudder from the first bite

    Address: 3-10-16 Hara, Sawara-Ku, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture
    Phone number: 092-843-8238
    Hours Open: 11: 30-20:00 [Closed] Wednesdays

    Hinokunibunryu (火の国文龍 総本店)

    This is a must-see restaurant for the rich, proclaiming “Kumamoto’s strongest thick pork bones.” The main dish is a bowl full of pork back fat that the shop cooks separately, and you can choose rich medium, or light. The homemade medium-thick noodles stand out against the rich soup. You can experience the impact that goes beyond the framework of local ramen.

    Address: 4-2-47 Tojima, Higashi-ku, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto
    Phone number: 096-388-7055
    Hours Open: 11:00-15:00, 17:30-22:30 (LO22) [Closed] Tuesdays

    Ramen Shokudo (らーめん食堂 元斗好軒)

    Run by the owner who trained at a long-established store in Kagoshima. The moderately transparent soup is light with a 1:1 ratio of pork and chicken. The chewy medium-thick noodles, crunchy bean sprouts, and kakuni-style char siu have a good balance. In addition to soy sauce, char siu cooked with brown sugar and shochu is also the best.

    Address: 8-6 Yamashita-cho, Kagoshima City, Kagoshima Prefecture
    Phone number: 099-227-5705
    Hours Open: 11:00-15:30 [Closed] Sundays

    Final Thoughts

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

    Every day, ramen changes, and it is no longer just considered a type of Japanese cuisine. It’s fascinating to consider that fresh variations of ramen will keep appearing as long as there are consumers who value and enjoy the meal. Tonkotsu ramen, unquestionably the most well-liked type, comes from the Kyushu region. It features a rich broth created from boiling pork bones that release collagen. Tonkotsu ramen is extremely common due to its enormous popularity.

    In terms of missing out on so much ramen in Japan, we are glad to collect all of it and you can check it out here

    Tonkotsu ramen (豚骨ラーメン)

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